Sports injury //
Sports injuries result from acute trauma or repetitive stress associated with athletic activities. Sports injuries can affect bones or soft tissue (ligaments, muscles, tendons). About 95% of sports injuries are minor soft tissue traumas.
The most common sports injury is a bruise (contusion).
Sprains account for one third of all sports injuries. A sprain is a partial or complete tear of a ligament, a strong band oftissue that
connects bones to one another and stabilizes joints.
A strain is a partial or complete tear of:
muscle (tissue composed of cells that enable the body to move)
tendon (strong connective tissue that links muscles to bones)
Inflammation of a tendon (tendinitis) and inflammation of one of the fluid filled sacs that allow tendons to move easilyover bones
(bursitis) usually result from minor stresses that repeatedly aggravate the same part of the body. These conditions often occur at the same time.
Fractures account for 5 to 6% of all sports injury. Bones of the arms and the legs are most apt to be broken. Sports activities rarely involve fractures of the spine or skull. The bones of the legs and feet are most susceptible to stress fractures, which occur when muscle strains or contractions make bones bend. Stress fractures are especially common in ballet dancers, long-distance runners, and in people whose bones are thin.